In October 5th 1988, with the actual Brazilian constitution, two articles were added in order to recognize indigenous people and their rights to live in their ancestral lands. Since then, FUNAI (National Indigenous Fonundation) started to develop anthropological studies to demarcate the indigenous areas. Each demarcation can take more than 15 years and today, with Temer’s presidency a new decree is being processed that threatens indigenous people by stopping all demarcations in order to favor agribusiness.
Mato Grosso do Sul is the most violent state in Brazil and it’s home for almost 80% of Guarani Kaiowá indigenos population, occupying no more than 2.5% of its lands. Only in 2015, there were 137 indigenous murdererd by fire guns in Brazil and 36 of these murderes ocurred in this state.
Today, Guarani Kaiowá people live in three ways:
‘Retomadas’ (sit ins): this is how indigenous call to get back to their ancestral lands.
As they say: ‘It’s not only to get our lands back, it’s a way to reconnect with our past, with our culture, religion and way of life.’
Reserves: Indigenous are led to live like us, depending on the money.
They don’t have much space to grow their food and to raise animals, they have
highest violence rates, drugs and murder.
Demarcated lands: After years of resistance some ancestral lands are demarcated and recognized from the government.
« They (the ranchers) think the solution is to bury us but they didn’t realized that we are seeds»
Marçal de Souza Tupaí
Indigenus leader killed at age 32, fighting for their poeple’s right